The Book of Enoch is a collection of texts that were written between the 3rd century BCE and the 1st century CE. It is a non-canonical text in both the Jewish and Christian traditions, meaning that it was not included in the official biblical canon. The book is named after its supposed author, Enoch, who is described as a righteous man and a prophet who lived before the flood. The Book of Enoch is divided into five main sections, each of which contains a distinct narrative.
Fact 1: The Book of Enoch was not included in the Bible
The Book of Enoch was not included in the Bible for a number of reasons. One of the main reasons is that it was written after the canon of the Hebrew Bible was closed. The Jewish religious authorities who decided which texts should be included in the Hebrew Bible did not consider the Book of Enoch to be divinely inspired. Similarly, early Christian leaders who were responsible for deciding which books should be included in the New Testament did not include the Book of Enoch, despite its popularity among some Christian communities.
Fact 2: The Book of Enoch was widely read and influential
Despite not being included in the Bible, the Book of Enoch was widely read and influential in early Jewish and Christian communities. The book was particularly popular among Gnostic Christians, who believed in a secret knowledge of God that was hidden from the masses. The book’s popularity among Gnostic Christians may be due to its focus on angels and their role in the world.
The Role of Angels in The Book of Enoch
One of the most significant features of the Book of Enoch is its detailed descriptions of angels and their roles. The book describes how angels fell from heaven and became demons, and it also provides detailed accounts of the hierarchy of angels and their various roles. The book describes angels as being responsible for everything from the movement of the stars to the seasons of the year.
Enoch’s Journey to Heaven
Another key feature of the Book of Enoch is its description of a journey to heaven undertaken by Enoch himself. In this journey, Enoch is shown the secrets of the universe and given a glimpse of the heavenly realm. The book describes Enoch’s journey through various levels of heaven, each of which is inhabited by different kinds of angels. The book’s descriptions of heaven and its inhabitants have inspired countless works of art, literature, and music over the centuries.
Fact 3: The Book of Enoch describes angels and demons
In addition to its descriptions of angels, the Book of Enoch also contains detailed descriptions of demons. The book describes how demons were created when a group of angels rebelled against God and were cast out of heaven. These fallen angels are said to have taught humans various forms of knowledge, including sorcery and divination.
One group of fallen angels that is particularly prominent in the Book of Enoch is known as the Watchers. These angels are said to have been sent to earth to watch over humanity, but they became corrupted by their interactions with humans. The Watchers are said to have taught humans various forms of forbidden knowledge, including how to make weapons and jewelry, how to use makeup, and how to perform divination.
Another group that is mentioned in the Book of Enoch is the Nephilim. These are said to be the offspring of the Watchers and human women. The Nephilim are described as being giants who were both physically and spiritually corrupt. The Book of Enoch describes how the Nephilim were destroyed in the flood, which was sent by God to cleanse the earth of their corruption.
Fact 4: The Book of Enoch contains apocalyptic prophecies
The Book of Enoch contains a number of apocalyptic prophecies, which describe the end of the world and the coming of a new age. These prophecies are similar in many ways to those found in the Book of Revelation in the New Testament. The Book of Enoch describes how the world will be judged, with the righteous being rewarded and the wicked being punished.
The Coming of the Messiah
One of the key themes of the Book of Enoch’s apocalyptic prophecies is the coming of the Messiah. The book describes how the Messiah will come to earth and bring about a new age of peace and prosperity. The book’s prophecies about the Messiah have been interpreted in many different ways over the centuries, with some people believing that they have already been fulfilled, while others believe that they are still to come.
The Final Judgment
Another important theme in the Book of Enoch’s apocalyptic prophecies is the final judgment. The book describes how all people will be judged according to their deeds, with the righteous being rewarded with eternal life and the wicked being punished with eternal damnation. The book’s descriptions of the final judgment have been a source of comfort and inspiration for many people over the centuries.
Fact 5: The Book of Enoch describes a journey to heaven
As mentioned earlier, one of the key features of the Book of Enoch is its description of a journey to heaven undertaken by Enoch himself. This journey is described in great detail, with Enoch being shown various levels of heaven and interacting with different kinds of angels. The book’s descriptions of heaven have been a source of inspiration for many artists, writers, and musicians over the centuries.
The Seven Heavens
The Book of Enoch describes how heaven is divided into seven levels, each of which is inhabited by different kinds of angels. The first level is said to be the closest to earth and is inhabited by the angels who are responsible for the stars. The second level is inhabited by the angels who are responsible for the seasons, while the third level is inhabited by the angels who are responsible for the clouds and rain. The fourth level is inhabited by the angels who are responsible for the sun and moon, while the fifth level is inhabited by the angels who are responsible for the birds and animals. The sixth level is inhabited by the angels who are responsible for humanity, while the seventh level is inhabited by God himself.
The Throne of God
One of the most famous descriptions of heaven in the Book of Enoch is that of the Throne of God. The book describes how Enoch was taken to the seventh heaven and shown the Throne of God, which is said to be made of sapphire and surrounded by flames. The book’s descriptions of the Throne of God have been a source of inspiration for many artists over the centuries.
What are 2 facts about the Book of Enoch?
The Book of Enoch provides specific information about the origins of demons and Nephilim, explains why certain angels turned away from heaven, offers a moral justification for the Genesis flood, and presents prophecies about the thousand-year reign of the Messiah.
Why was Enoch taken by God?
The Sefer Hekalot describes Rabbi Ishmael as visiting the Seventh Heaven and meeting Enoch, who believed that the demons Shammazai and Azazel had corrupted the earth during his time. To prove that God was not cruel, Enoch was taken to Heaven, and similar stories are found in Sirach.
What did Enoch see in heaven?
Enoch discovers darkness and a prison in the second heaven, where rebel angels are being punished. Moving on to the third heaven, he witnesses paradise in the form of the Garden of Eden, protected by angels, and also the punishment of bad individuals in hell. This is similar to the biblical reference in 2 Corinthians 12:2.
What is special about Enoch?
Enoch, the seventh patriarch in the book of Genesis, was the subject of abundant apocryphal literature, especially during the Hellenistic period of Judaism (3rd century bc to 3rd century ad). At first revered only for his piety, he was later believed to be the recipient of secret knowledge from God.
What are the creatures in the Book of Enoch?
“brazen hydras”, “copper serpents”) are mythical creatures mentioned in the apocryphal Second Book of Enoch from the 1st century CE, often seen as an angelic species. In the narrative, chalkydri dwell near the Sun and ran its course around the earth with it bringing heat and dew to the earth.
Who was the first person to go to heaven alive?
Sacred Scripture teaches that Enoch and Elijah were assumed into heaven while still alive and not experiencing physical death.